Scientists at Harvard University once concluded that intelligence is not determined only by genetics. “A pair of parents who are not intelligent, but if they provide a good environment for their children, are very likely to develop a child with a high IQ,” said Richard Weissbourd, professor of child behavioral psychology at the University Harvard said.
This professor conducted a survey and research on the physical, mental and brain development of young children. As a result, most of the children participating in the study had three of the highest levels of brain development in their lives, known as “peak periods of development”.
If parents catch these moments, children’s intelligence can be greatly improved.
If educated early in the right way, children will be smarter and more agile
Stage 1: Before 3 years old
A newborn’s brain weighs only 25% of an adult’s. However, before the age of three, brain weight will increase, by 85% of that of an adult. At this time, neurons in the brain connect at a rate of 700-1000 times per second, which can be called “flying speed”. The faster the neurons connect, the smarter the child’s brain.
Especially when children are two years old, various brain functions have reached their peak value during this period. At this time, the connection speed of neurons depends on the child’s brain receiving stimulation from the outside. According to Professor Richard Weissbourd, this is a child’s first chance to become intelligent. Brain training at this time will greatly help the development of children.
The advice for parents at this stage is to actively encourage and motivate their children to be confident and motivated to explore the colorful world. The more you know about the world around you, the smarter you will be.
Stage 2: 5-7 years old
At this stage, the child’s brain is in the buffering period, which will no longer develop as quickly as before the age of 3. However, the rate of right brain development of children at this stage is very strong.
The brain is divided into two halves: the left brain and the right brain. The left brain is more about speech, analysis and order, the right brain is more about reading, writing and calculating. If parents can train children to develop both brains at the same time, children can be smarter.
To do this, parents should encourage children to use both hands to stimulate both hemispheres of the brain. In addition, encourage children to do physical activities such as art, music, etc. to help them explore the worldview. This time should also encourage children to ask questions, practice critical thinking to increase imagination.
Stage 3: 8 – 10 years old
At this age, children all go to school to learn systematically. Since then, children’s knowledge, perception and worldview have also changed a lot. This means the brain will be improved and reorganized.
According to the theory put forward by psychologist Richard Weissbourd, this stage is also known as the concrete activity stage, meaning that children can think and calculate logically from concrete things.
At this stage, parents need to be more careful in raising their children because it has a great impact on forming the complete personality of the child in the future. Before the age of 11, it is easy for parents to help children give up bad habits, but after this age, any changes if desired, will also be very difficult.
What should parents do to guide their child’s intellectual development during these periods?
1. Cultivate the habit of reading books
Books are inherently a valuable treasure of knowledge of mankind, so creating a habit of reading regularly will help children get many practical benefits.
Many studies have shown that children who like to read books or are read to by their parents will improve their vocabulary and richer imagination than children who have little exposure to books. Not only that, the books will give children the opportunity to expand their vocabulary, learn more sentence structures… develop language skills.
2. Physical training
Physical exercise helps children develop height and strong musculoskeletal system. Not only that, active children often develop optimal height because the brain produces and releases growth hormone more than children who are not physically active.
Parents should encourage their children to participate in a variety of sports. Find out which subjects your child enjoys and guide them in moderate-intensity activities, depending on their health
3. Parents playing with children
Parents participating in games for children will leave children with unforgettable memories and bring a lot of laughter to the whole family. This will also strengthen the bond between parents and children.
Before the age of three, parents should play with their children intellectual games such as reasoning and calculation to improve children’s thinking and logic abilities. Playing with children not only creates a good atmosphere in the family, but through games, parents need to guide their children to follow the rules and learn to cooperate with others. This not only improves the IQ but also improves the emotional intelligence of the child.